The Ottoman Centuries 1 - The Emergence
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The Ottoman Centuries – The Emergence

After spending few years searching in literatures and books of the Ottoman history, after interviewing many figures who were the children and grandchildren of eye witnesses who had lived under the Ottoman rule in Syria from 1880 to 1916, and after seeing in my own eyes the painful outcomes of Turkey’s water policy of the Euphrates River during the years of rough in Syria from 1996 to 2003, I think the Ottoman centuries are undoubtedly an important period of the history of Arabic-Speaking Peoples. It deserves a downright objective look.
I want to stress to those of diverse roots Arabs vis-à-vis Turks, to my Turkish friends, and to all pro-Turks that my writings about the Ottoman centuries are not meant to glorify or deform such a unique period of time as much as they are a review of historical events and the associated effects on the Arabic-speaking peoples positively or negatively. And, as a fact of life, there will always be different views and nobody gets all of what is really wanted. However, we should always enrich the constructive dialogue in order to reach a common ground comprises and respects all.
 
Who are the Ottoman Turks 
Almost eight hundred years ago, a group of four hundred Turkish families was travelling from the Asiatic plains to east Asia Minor and then westward. Their leader's name was Ertoghrul. That group of nomad travellers was a fragment of a tribe called "Oghouz Turks". The origin of the tribe was from Khurasan and it was under the leadership of Ertoghrul’s father. His name was Suleiman Shah. Suleiman Shah and his followers left Khurasan and temporarily settled in Armenia, and then they left Armenia and followed the course of the Euphrates River. After his death the tribe started vanishing and a little part of his followers stayed with his two sons Ertoghrul and Dundar who determined to seek living in Asia Minor under the Seljuq Turks.
When Ertoghrul arrived at the Seljuq land, he and his men fought a battle alongside the Seljuq leader Ala Eldeen against the Mongols. In gratitude for Ertoghrul’s remarkable service, Ala Eldeen offered him a province near the Byzantine frontiers. The province was rich plain. This area had become the grazing land of Ertoghrul and his followers.
Ertoghrul built up a group of fighters by recruiting the best and the bravest men of the inhabitants who were living across his territories in addition to those kindred fighters who come with him.
It is worth mentioning that the Turkish race had extensively spread across the southern part of Asia Minor. They had left their houses at the upper part of Asia and started moving to Asia Minor one tribe after another pouring into the rich land. One branch of these Turkish tribes called the Seljuq. They acquired and consolidated a great empire almost two hundred years ago before the appearance of Ertoghrul and his followers. And when Ertoghrul appeared, it was almost the last days of Seljuq Empire which was broken up by the invading Mongols besides the corruption and civil wars.
Ertoghrul gained a good reputation among the Turkish race. He fought another battle for the Seljuq leader against a mixed army of Greeks and Mongols around Bursa and won a complete victory. The Seljuq leader granted him in return an additional rich territory stretched up to Eskischeer. In 1231 Ertoghrul invaded the village of Söğüt where he later died. The village became the Ottoman capital in 1299 under the leadership of Othman who was one of his three sons.
Othman is noted as the founder of the Ottoman Empire. He was a unique character of his time and became the chief of the Turkish race for more than ten years before his father’s death. He was twenty four years old when he succeeded his father. He proved to be a skillful leader and a brave warrior. He spread his influence over a considerable vast piece of land reached as far as the Black Sea and as advanced as the Greek city of Bursa which had surrendered to the Ottomans in 1326.
Othman had two brave sons, Orchan and Ala’ Eldeen.  When Othman was at his death-bed he told his eldest son Orchan “......My son, I’m dying, and I die without regret because I have such a successor….be just, love goodness, and show mercy. Give equal protection to all subjects and extend the law of the prophet, such as the duties of princes.  ….” .Othman died in 1326 at the age of sixty eight.

To be continued...

Bassam Eleiwi


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Name : اميره سالم Date : 2014-09-08 11:18:37
ماهي اللغه الام لدي الاتراك
ماهي اللغه الام للاتراك وماهو حكمهم الحالي؟