The Arabic-Speaking Peoples and the Arabs
Bookmark and Share
The Arabic-Speaking Peoples and the Arabs
When I thought of establishing this website a question presented itself? What am I supposed to call the site? I was looking for something makes every browser or visitor to the site feels welcome and relaxed and nobody feels pressured to fit a certain mold. There are a number of titles which are used across the Arab world, and no matter what name one uses, someone else might be offended. Hence, it would help a great deal to keep in mind the undeniable fact that peoples of the Arab world have become so mixed racially and the language is a more accurate feature to the variety of peoples. If so, who are the Arabs then?
The word Arab was originally used to describe the nomadic tribes of Arabia. Herodotus (484 BC– 425 BC), an ancient Greek historian knew Arabia as the most distant land to the south of all inhabited places. He had little information about and it remained a mysterious land for him. Arabia had become more defined to the outside world after journeys of exploration which were initiated by Alexander the Great (356 – 323 BC). Arabia is a peninsula. Its northern side is formed by the Syrian Desert, while western, eastern and southern sides are surrounded by water.
In prehistoric time, the first surviving account of the people of Arabia appears in the Old Testament in 10th chapter of Genesis, while the word Arab appears in the Isaiah 13.20 and also in Jeremiah 3.2. It has also appeared in an inscription of the Assyrian king Shalmaneser III (859 BC-824 BC), when he declared his victory over a rebellious chieftain named as “Gindibu the Aribi”. From that time onwards, Assyrian and Babylonian inscriptions frequently referred to “Aribi” or” Arabu” as the people who lived far away in the Arabian Desert. They are Semitic people and speak Semitic language. They were of two races. The first one was largely nomadic wandered with their families and livestock in the vast desert which lies between Euphrates River and the center of Arabia, and the second race was the settlers in the south of Arabia.
The tribes of Arabia lived at the edges of the Byzantine and Persia empires. In the seventh century these tribes have set up a great state stretched from the Atlantic Oscan to China. The inhabitants of that vast state were known as Arab and Muslims. When the state disintegrated, the inhabitants resumed using their provincial old names such as Egyptians, Syrians, Lebanese, Iraqi, and Persian and so on.
A brief look at the demography of the Arab world shows that the climate of Syria and its strategic location were so tempting for many people from other neighboring lands. From dawn of history an endless invaders and immigrants travelled up and down Syria until the Arab conquest in A.D.636. Meanwhile, the majority of the people in central Arabia are the original ancient Arabs as the Arabian Desert had hardly attracted invaders. The Egyptians are most likely the descendants of the Pharaohs and it is likely that they have some African roots as the Nile valley connects them with Central Africa. To the west of Egypt, the inhabitants of North Africa are quite distinct from the inhabitants of Syria and Arabia. The majority of them belong to a racial group known as “Berbers”. They have been living in that area since prehistoric time. They are different from the Arabs. On the other hand, it is also worth indicating that people of the coastal plains are mixed with Mediterranean races such as Phoenicians, Greeks, Italians, Byzantines, Spaniards and French. They have all contributed to the coastal population.
This is sufficed to show that the word "Arabs" as it is used today does not have racial significance. It refers to a linguistic group combines mixed races all of which often show various characteristics. Hence, we are the Arabic-speaking peoples and not necessarily Arabs…..
Bassam Eleiwi

Add comment
: Name
: Email
: Comment Title
: Comment
   
Visitor comments
Name : احمد العلي Date : 2013-03-24 03:40:54
اتمنى من الله ان نعيد امجادنا كما اتمنى ان يكون ياخذ الله بأيدينا لما فيه خير للامتنا العربيه
Name : احمد العلي Date : 2013-03-24 03:45:45
الف مبروك